Scientific Name
Group : Angiosperm (Dicotyledon)
Family : Bixaceae
Genus : Bixa
Species : orellana Linn.
Common Name
English Name : Annatto tree
Hindi Name : Lotkan
Manipuri Name : Ureirom
Other Details
Habit : Small profuse tree
Parts Use : Root, Bark, Leaf & Seed
Preparation : Leaves used in fresh. The seed produce a dye for colouing clothes. Root crushed for paste
Mode of use : Fresh and Local Application
Ingredients : It contains Bixin.
Ailment Treated : The roots, bark and seeds are antiperiodic, antipyretic and astringent. They are useful in intermittent fever and gonorrhoea. The pulp surrounding the seed is a mosquito repellant, and is useful to treat dysentery. Leaves are used in jaundice. Leaves are used against poisonous bites. Seeds are astringent. A non-toxic dye, Annatto dye” obtained from the pulp is used in colouring food items.
Source : Generally grown wild as escape in the valley areas but also cultivated in home garden.