Scientific Name
Group : Angiosperm (Dicotyledon)
Family : Solanaceae
Genus : Solanum
Species : xanthocarpum Linn.
Common Name
English Name : Yellow-berried / night shade
Hindi Name : Kateli
Manipuri Name : Leipungkhanga
Other Details
Habit : Perennial prickly undershrub
Parts Use : Root, Stem, Fruit and Leaf
Preparation : Fruits are crushed and used with water or honey for sore throat. Root is crushed with water for decoction. Leaves crushed with black pepper and water for rheumatism treatment.
Mode of use : Fresh and Decoction
Ingredients : Seeds yield a semi-drying oil. Pharmacological studies have reported that aqueous and alcoholic extracts of the plant possess hypotensive effect which is partly inhibited by atropine. Fruits yield gluco-alkaloid, solasodine, solasonine and solanocarpine. Solanine on hydrolysis yields alkaloid and solanidine.
Ailment Treated : Root is anti-asthmatic, anti-emetic, diuretic, expectorant, cough and chest pain. Stem, flowers and fruits carminative, used in the burning sensation in the feet accompanied by vesicular watery eruptions. Ripe fruits extract with little honey is taken against cough, fever, sore throat, dysentery and dyspepsia.
Source : It is commonly found in the valley of Manipur particularly on road sides and periphery of grounds.