Scientific Name
Group : Angiosperm (Dicotyledon)
Family : Cucurbitaceae
Genus : Cucurbita
Species : maxima Duchesne.
Common Name
English Name : Red gourd / Squash
Hindi Name : Lal Kumra/Mithakaddu
Manipuri Name : Mairel
Other Details
Habit : Robust climber
Parts Use : Fruit, Leaf, Seed
Preparation : Tender shoot and leaves eaten as salad, fried and fruit cooked as a vegetable.
Mode of use : Fresh and local application
Ingredients : Leaves contain calcium, magnesium, iron, zinc and copper. An esterase was reported purified from the fruits. Major fatty acid present in the lipids is linolenic.
Ailment Treated : Fresh fruit is crushed and applied to monkey-bite. Seeds are used as tonic and diuretic. Fruit pulp used as poultice on boils, burns and inflammations. Fruits are refrigerant, emollient, diuretic, sedative, burns, boils and neuralgia.
Source : Cultivated extensively in both hills and valley areas.